The Rectangular Strategy-Phase II maintains the earlier structure and find-tunes and sharpens the prioritized policies in responding to the current condition as highlighting earlier (Description of the structure of the Rectangular Strategy is illustrated in the box below and its diagram is attached).
The Rectangular Strategy has been formulated as an integrated structure of interlocking rectangles. In brief, the components of the Rectangular Strategy are as follows:
First, the core of the Rectangular Strategy is Good Governance, focused at four reform areas:
- Fighting corruption
- Legal and judicial reform
- Public administration reform including decentralization and deconcentration
- Reform of the Royal Cambodian Armed Forces.
Second, the environment for the implementation of the Rectangular Strategy consists of four elements:
- Peace, political stability, security and social order
- Cambodian’s integration into the region and the world
- Partnership in development with all stakeholders, including the private sector, donor community and civil society
- Favorable macro-economic and financial environment.
Third, the four strategic "growth rectangles" are:
- Enhancement of the agricultural sector
- Further rehabilitation construction of the physical infrastructure
- Private sector development and employment
- Capacity building and human resource development.
- Rectangle 1: Enhancement of the Agricultural Sector covers:
- Improving agricultural and diversification
- Land reform and clearing of mines
- Fisheries reform
- Forestry reform.
- Rectangle 2: Further Rehabilitation and Construction of the Physical Infrastructure includes:
- Further restoration and construction transport infrastructure (inland, marine and air transport)
- Water resources and irrigation system management
- Development of the energy sector
- Development of Information and Communication Technology.
- Rectangle 3: Private Sector Development and Employment cover:
- Strengthening private sector and attracting investment
- Creation of jobs and ensuring improved working condition
- Promotion of SMEs
- Creation of social safety nets for civil servants, employees and workers.
- Rectangle 4: capacity Building and Human Resource Development consists of:
- Strengthening the quality of education
- Enhancing health services
- Implementation of gender policy
- Implementation of population polity.